Robert Hooke, The Hospital of Bethlem [Bedlam] at Moorfields, London: seen from the north, with people walking in the foreground, engraving. Wellcome Collection Gallery.

Bethlem Hospital

For much of the eighteenth century, conditions inside London’s premier public hospital for the insane were appalling, so much so that a major parliamentary inquiry in 1815 led to the dismissal of some of its principal officers.