Debating societies became well-established institutions in London and provincial cities, catering for the taste for public debate among the lower and middling sorts. Topics could be frivolous, but when societies debated politics, religion, and the economy they were felt to voice threateningly radical opinions.
This entry gives an overview of the clubs and societies in Edinburgh during the long eighteenth century. These were indeed a reflection of the expectations of the Scottish society.
À distance ou en présence, les académies littéraires se font lieu d’interactions et de sociabilités intellectuelles à l’époque moderne. Des académies royales hautement institutionnalisées aux académies salonnières italiennes, elles incarnent les pratiques lettrées et savantes dans les milieux intellectuels européens.
One of the main events in religious history in Britain and colonial America in the eighteenth century was the development of Methodism. That evangelical revival brought about new conceptions of religious sociability and started controversies on the place of individual and collective discipline within the Established Churches in Britain.