Art and Literature

Alexander Pope

As the most celebrated British poet of the early eighteenth century, Alexander Pope (1688-1744) was a highly influential figure in the formation and articulation of sociable ideals. However, while he prided himself on his capacity for friendship, his own relationship to the social expectations of his time was far from comfortable.
Anthony Ashley Cooper, third Earl of Shaftesbury

Anthony Ashley Cooper, third Earl of Shaftesbury

MÜLLER Patrick
Anthony Ashley Cooper, third Earl of Shaftesbury (1671-1713), is unarguably among those authors who contributed most fundamentally to defining the concept of ‘sociability’ for thinkers in both Great Britain and the Continent.
Aphra Behn

Aphra Behn

LE PAPE Isabelle
Interpellant les consciences sur le thème de l’esclavage dans son roman Oroonoko (1688) et exaltant la liberté individuelle ou les droits des femmes dans ses pièces de théâtre, Aphra Behn est considérée comme une des premières femmes écrivains d’Angleterre.
Charles Macklin

Charles Macklin

In the history of sociability, Charles Macklin, born Cathal MacLochlainn (1699?–1797) exemplifies the Irish Enlightenment and successful access to British social circles, London theatres, Anglo-Irish debating and charitable societies.

Daniel Defoe’s Social Networks

Daniel Defoe was best known as a writer and his primary social networks grew out of his intense engagement with the print trade. Unlike many of his contemporaries, Defoe’s sociability relied much less on interpersonal ties of family, friendship, religion or civic obligation.
Self Portrait

Elisabeth Vigée Le Brun

Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun was the official portraitist of Marie-Antoinette and a worldly artist who excelled at constructing representations of herself and of others. In October 1789, she emigrated to Italy, then over the next twenty years, criss-crossed the continent from Rome to Saint Petersburg, ending with a sojourn in England.